According to the World Health Organization (WHO), about 35 million people die each year from chronic diseases, such as cancer, diabetes, cardiovascular or respiratory problems. Beyond knowing how to avoid these ailments, it is also good to learn how to deal with them when the diagnosis is already given. Find out more in the following article.
What is a Chronic Disease?
In the first place, we must define what we are talking about. There are two types of diseases, the acute ones (colds, flu, etc., that last little) and the chronic ones. This last group is Composed of those pathologies that are long lasting and can cause death , for example. The word"chronic"comes from the Greek"Chronos"which means, justly, time.
Suffering from a chronic illness does not mean that it is serious or that we are going to suffer a lifetime. Neither is our integrity at risk or we will be deprived of certain activities. It is true that there are chronic diseases, such as AIDS or Cancer Which, if not treated in time and form, cause the death of the patient.
However, there are other chronic diseases that can accompany us throughout life: diabetes, arthritis, asthma, scoliosis, hypothyroidism, herpes, etc. The symptoms of each of them are different and the treatments or care also . There may be stages in which suffering or discomfort does not stop (such as winter in arthritis) and others where we do not even know that we are sick (when the herpes virus is"sleeping", for example).
Chronic diseases are long lasting, but have no other characteristics in common with each other. Everything will depend on the patient, the treatment, the medications used and even the humor And how the person takes the disease.
Coping with chronic diseases
Those who have received a diagnosis stating that they have a chronic, safe disease are seen not only in physical pain but also emotional, psychological and even social or economic pain. Having a chronic illness is bad news and is also often accompanied by a reflection on the life we live, what to do to get by, how to enjoy our time on earth, who gives us their unconditional support, and so on.
Not everyone is affected by chronic illness . With the news of, for example, diabetes, some may decide at that moment to deal with the pathology and take care of their meals, or to start crying and thinking that, from that moment, their life will be a calvary.
Accept and get the idea that you have a disease Chronic can take time, perhaps hours of therapy with a psychologist, or else the support of some very close people. The human being is very special and unique, so no two patients feel the same after the diagnosis of a disease of this type.
However, it is proven that Those optimistic people, despite the situation, tend to recover faster Or enjoy a better quality of life than those who feel sorry for themselves, are sure that they will not heal and sit to wait for death to arrive slowly and painfully.
The process of coping with a chronic illness
There are several phases that a chronic patient experiences. You can feel different emotions and have fluctuations in your feelings. It is necessary that both the doctor As family members accept these fluctuations between feeling vulnerable, worried, depressed, disappointed, angry, confused, etc.
The second stage that chronically ill patients have to do with learning . Perhaps the original feeling is due to the lack of data and information about the pathology. The good news is that there is more and more research on each ailment and therefore, people can go through a disease with less pain That a while back. Knowledge is power, never forget it. In the particular case of a pathology, it gives us the necessary tools to not let this win the battle. And, above all, to keep fighting.
In third place among the phases to face a chronic disease, we have the Attitude in taking the reins of the situation . This is achieved once the person is emotionally and psychologically balanced. The available treatments are diverse and the techniques used are part of everyday life (such as injecting insulin into the Diabetics ).
It may be believed that it is not possible to prick yourself or take medication for life and yet, when you experience improvements in the condition, the patient begins to realize that this is what he has to do and is no longer afraid or Preconceived ideas about certain techniques. The steps to be followed by the doctor may take some time to settle into daily life. It just takes a little commitment, dedication and effort.
It is normal to feel sad, different or without strength at a certain point in the treatment. But under no circumstances can the patient lose control of the situation. In other words, we should not allow the disease (however chronic) to win the war. Recognizing our feelings and talking to someone who listens to us and understands us can help us a lot. It is not always the therapist, it can also be the couple, the best friend or the parents. It can be happy Even with a chronic illness.