Diseases during pregnancy that every woman should know

Each organism is different, so a pregnancy involves complications, diseases and risks . The causes can be substance abuse, advanced age, among other situations. If you are in plans to conceive, it is important that you know about the diseases during pregnancy.

When pregnancy occurs, a team of professionals in the health area should monitor the evolution of the mother and the baby , since, by doing without it, the diseases that we mentioned below could develop.

Diseases during pregnancy

1. Anemia


It is one of the most common diseases during pregnancy. It is defined as a considerable decrease in Red blood cells . Anemia causes iron deficiency in the blood, a mineral that is not produced by the body and that must be obtained with the intake of various foods.

The symptoms are: pale skin, extreme tiredness, tachycardia and conditions in the growth of the baby. The most recommended treatment is through iron supplements, vitamin B12, folic acid or blood transfusions.

Visit this article: 7 ways to fight iron-deficiency anemia without taking iron

2. Rubella

It manifests with cough, headaches, fever, conjunctivitis, inflammation of the ganglia of the body and rashes on the face. The pregnant woman who gets it badly affects the baby , to the east not having enough antibodies without vaccine appropriate

On the one hand, In case the mother is not immune to it, it is essential to avoid contact with people who develop it . On the other hand, if you contract the disease, the doctor will prescribe a treatment with immunoglobulins and the patient should be vaccinated after delivery in order to prevent any relapse.

3. Infections or vaginal diseases

Pregnancy Infection

The symptoms are: redness of the vagina and labia, irritation, pain, itching, burning, swelling and irritation of the genitals. The predisposition to contract them is linked to hormonal changes . However, they do not affect the baby, because the uterus is a closed compartment that prevents the passage of any bacteria into the body.

The important thing is to identify if the flows are abnormal and to go with a specialist to treat the infection as soon as possible. The Medical treatments most effective are vaginal probiotics, antifungals or local bactericides and lactobacilli. These allow to restore the balance of the vaginal flora.

It should be mentioned that infections of this type require a couple medication , since the man can also contract them and suffer recurrences.

4. Gestational diabetes

It develops in the second trimester of pregnancy. It usually affects 1 to 3% of women. The main cause is high levels of blood sugar . And if not controlled in time, can cause problems such as excessive growth of the baby, preeclamsia and hypoglycemia.

As usual, it is controlled with a healthy diet and with an exercise routine according to the weeks of gestation , with exams diabetes during pregnancy and, if the pregnant woman needs it, with amounts of insulin indicated by a doctor.

5. Hypertension


is defined as the pressure of the blood vessels of the body . There are three types:

  • Chronicle It develops before the twentieth week of gestation or, in some cases, it appears before pregnancy. Sometimes, the only time a woman realizes she has it is at her first prenatal check-up.
  • Gestational : usually, it manifests in the final stage of pregnancy. There are no associated symptoms.
  • Hypertension Induced by Pregnancy (HIE) or preeclampsia (toxemia) : it appears in the twentieth week of gestation. Alters proteins in the urine and blood.

Do you want to know more? Lee: Â 7 natural remedies to reduce hypertension

6. Group B streptococcal infection

It is a type of bacteria that is housed in the intestine , in the rectum and in the vagina. Most of the time it affects newborns. Approximately, 25% of women have group B streptococcus . And if they get to transmit to their babies, it can cause septicemia, pneumonia and meningitis.

Symptomatology: It may take three or four months to appear. Although these types of infections are serious and deadly, Recovery can be immediate with appropriate medications and antibiotics .


It remains to mention that healthy habits and medical care are the most effective way to avoid problems before, during and after pregnancy . It is essential to follow the instructions of the specialists and understand that the main thing is to ensure the welfare of your baby and your body.

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