We have often heard of these two pathologies, but unless we suffer or have a family member or acquaintance who suffers, we most likely will not know clearly what their differences.
In this article we explain what are the symptoms of each disease, as well as its possible causes and some natural health tips to improve your quality of life.
What is the thyroid?
Thyroid Is a butterfly-shaped gland located above the trachea Which has the function of regulating the body's metabolism and participating in the production of hormones, especially thyroxine and triiodothyronine.
The thyroid is controlled by the hypothalamus and pituitary gland.
In the case of Hyperthyroidism , As the prefix hyper-, there is a Excessive function of the gland that also causes a hormonal hypersecretion. It affects approximately 1% of the population, especially women between 30 and 40 years.
The most obvious sign is the appearance of goiter (enlarged thyroid) and The most common symptoms are tachycardia, weight loss, nervousness, tremors, insomnia and Excessive sweating .
Causes of hyperthyroidism
- Graves' disease
- Excessive consumption of food with iodine or direct exposure to iodine.
- Thyroid inflammation from viral infections, medications or after pregnancy.
- Benign tumors of the thyroid gland or pituitary gland.
- Tumors of the testicles or ovaries.
- Abuse of medication with thyroid hormone
We should always follow the medical treatment that we are prescribed, but some foods You can also help us notice a better well-being
In addition to including these foods in the diet we will also avoid the rich in iodine, which we cite as beneficial for hypothyroidism: eggs, parsley, fish and seafood, almonds, apricots, etc.
On the other hand, we will be very Infusions of green tea, wormwood, lemon balm and wolf mint.
We must also carry out Usual exercise To regulate the metabolism and Avoid stimulants as much as possible That would worsen our state:
- Cola drinks
Instead, Hypothyroidism , what It is suffered by 3% of the population, especially women over 50 years or postpartum , Is the decrease in levels of thyroid hormones in the blood plasma and gives symptoms such as tiredness and exhaustion or muscle weakness, feeling cold, unexplained increase or decrease in weight and depression or other emotional imbalances.
There are also other, more subtle symptoms that can help us to detect this disease that is difficult to diagnose: pale or yellow complexion, fluid retention, hair loss, lack of outer ends of the eyebrows and very dry skin.
Causes of Hypothyroidism
- Different types of thyroiditis
- After childbirth (and usually after having also suffered from hyperthyroidism)
- Congenital defects
- Radiation Therapy in the Neck
- Antithyroid medication
- Lithium treatments
- Chronic iodine deficiency
In addition to the relevant treatments, we recommend consuming the following Foods to raise iodine levels
- Blue Fish
- Green peas
- Iodized salt or sea salt
- Marine foods and algae rich in iodine such as kelp, fucus algae.
If it is difficult for us to take algae, which we recommend to be ecological so that they do not contain toxic substances, we can choose to consume them in tablets. Not only do iodine, but also many other minerals and essential amino acids very beneficial to our body.
Another option would be to prepare ourselves A salt with seaweed . We should grind sea salt and the algae we choose, mix everything and keep it tightly closed. The salt will act as a preservative. We can use it in the same way as normal salt when cooking soups, stews, etc.
And we must Avoid the following foods, As they block the absorption of iodine: cabbage, Brussels sprouts, cauliflower, broccoli, spinach, cabbage, broccoli, soybeans, peaches, beans and lime, as well as processed, refined foods and tap water.
We can prepare ourselves Teaspoons and ginger and cook food with small amounts of cayenne.
Images courtesy of Ulterior Epicure, Daniel Friedle and Pokrzywinski