Dysphonia and aphonia: differences, similarities and treatments

Many people confuse both terms by believing they are synonymous. However, these are two related but different vocal disorders. Dysphonia is the popular"hoarseness"and the aphonia is when we have no voice. Learn more about both in this article.

One way of remembering the difference between them is by analyzing their name. The prefix"a-"before any word means absence. Therefore, the a-phone is the lack of voice. What is indicated by a"dis-"is related to an alteration. In this way, dysphonia means an imbalance in the voice.

Afonía: what it is, why it appears

Let's start with the most serious affection of the two, which occurs when we are directly without a voice, or when it sounds like a very low whisper. It may be something gradual or not and among the main causes we find problems in the larynx.

Excessive use of vocal cords, loud screaming, some laryngeal disturbances or psychological problems may be causing this condition. At the same time, The throat bothers as if it has a cold or the flu.

Causes of the most common aphonia

  • Diseases of the respiratory system as pharyngitis, Laryngitis, tonsillitis, allergies, persistent cough, tumors or nodules.
  • Misuse of voice: force it too much, for work or entertainment.

throat

  • Irritant or toxic products: Tobacco, alcohol, pepper, vinegar, chemicals or abrasives.
  • Nerves: After a picture of anger, many cries of rage, nerves for a particular event, etc.
  • Manipulations: After laryngeal surgery or other medical procedures. Also for injuries caused by accidents.
  • Excessive cold: If it snows or the temperature is below zero and we are homeless, as well as the intake of drinks too cold when we are perspiring.
  • Other causes: Goiter , Diphtheria, paralysis in the vocal cords, chronic diseases that weaken muscle tone.

Dysphonia: what it is, why it appears

In the case of dysphonia we have to say that it is an alteration in the voice, without it disappearing completely as happens in the aphonia. It is known as" hoarseness "And although it may affect the entire population, teachers, speakers, singers, telemarketers, priests or speakers, receptionists and voice professionals are the most likely.

Sore throat

Dysphonia occurs when the vocal cords are overloaded, loudly screamed, the neck is not well covered when it is cold or if frozen drinks are ingested. Although the causes are similar to aphonia, this condition does not last for a long time and is not usually related to a more serious disease as indicated above.

One must pay attention if the dysphonia occurs several times a month or a year, Not only in winter and even when we take precautions. Otherwise, it may be due to a nodule or polyp in the vocal cords, a chordal cyst, a tumor, acute, chronic or reflux laryngitis, an intracordal hematoma or a leukoplakia. In any case, a consultation with the otolaryngologist is very important to rule out chronic pathologies.

Natural remedies for aphonia and dysphonia

As a first step it is necessary to perform vocal rest (ie not speak) and not force the voice or"force"it to raise the sound. In some cases, phonemic rehabilitation or endoscopic surgical treatment may be indicated. To determine if there are lesions or malformations, a technique called laryngoscopy is used, with a small tube inserted into the throat And at the end has a camera.

Some remedies for aphonia or dysphonia due to mild causes such as poor voice or cold use are:

Recipe N ° 1 against the imbalances in the voice

Ingredients

  • 1 onion.
  • 2 teaspoons of honey (50 g).

How do I prepare it?

Peel the onion and punch it into large pieces. Then add to blender along with honey. Grind well and consume three tablespoons of this mixture a day.

Recipe # 2 against the imbalances in the voice

Ingredients

  • 1 glass of water (200 ml).
  • The juice of a lemon.

How do I prepare it?

Boil the water and let it cool. Then pour the lemon juice And gargle twice a day.

Recipe N ° 3 against the imbalances in the voice

Ingredients

  • 1 cup of water (250 ml).
  • 1 tablespoon of salt (10 g).

How do I prepare it?

Heat the water and dissolve the salt. Gargle before it cools down completely. Repeat several times a day with fresh water.

Recipe N ° 4 against the imbalances in the voice

Ingredients

  • 2 large leeks.
  • 1 liter of water.

How do I prepare it?

Cook the leeks in the water for 20 minutes. Strain the broth and drink during the day.

(I.e.

Recipe N ° 5 against the imbalances in the voice

Ingredients

  • 1 lemon.
  • 1 glass of water (200 ml).
  • ½ teaspoon sodium bicarbonate (1.5 g).

How do I prepare it?

Halve the lemon and squeeze the juice. Mix with water and baking soda. Drink once a day.

Recipe N ° 6 against the imbalances in the voice

Ingredients

  • 200 g of carrots.
  • 1 liter of water.
  • 1 tablespoon honey (25 g).

How do I prepare it?

Peel the carrots and cook them for 10 minutes. Cut into slices and squeeze. Mix with a spoonful of honey and consume every day.

Recipe N ° 7 against the imbalances in the voice

Ingredients

  • 1 teaspoon thyme (3 g).
  • 1 cup of water (250 ml).
  • The juice of a lemon.
  • 1 tablespoon honey (25 g).

How do I prepare it?

Boil the water and, when it reaches the boiling point, add the thyme. Keep cooking for 10 minutes. Let it infuse 5 minutes, strain it and add the lemon and the honey. Drink as if it were a tea.

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