A capillary graft is an aesthetic microsurgery in which hair is transplanted from populated areas even hairless areas.
What is the capillary graft?
The capillary graft, also called capillary micrografting or hair transplant is a surgical technique designed to recover hair from bald or depopulated areas. The technique is based on a autotransplant of hair, without the possibility of rejection. First, they are removed, through small incisions in the scalp, follicles of hair from areas such as the nape of the neck or the sides of the head, areas where there is always hair.
Next, said follicles will be inserted, through microsurgery, in the alopecic areas. The distribution of the follicles inserted should be carefully studied, in order to provide a natural look to the transplant.
Thus, each micrograft is placed at a certain angle and orientation , populating the transplant area. If the transplanted follicles survive they will repopulate the bald areas.
The reason why the donor areas of the graft are in the back and side of the head is that genetics determines that hair always exists in these areas. Therefore, the transplantation of follicles from these regions will ensure the success of capillary repopulation.
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Hair grafting techniques
The FUSS technique or strip technique is one of the most used in hair grafts. It consists of extracting a strip of scalp from the donor area of the patient. Next, the follicles to be transplanted from said strip will be extracted.
In the donor area the incision will be closed, leaving a scar almost imperceptible to be hidden by the hair of the area. When you get a large number of follicles at once (from the skin strip) This technique is ideal for those patients with a alopecia advanced , in which large unpopulated areas have to be covered.
The follicles that will be transplanted are examined individually under a microscope. These follicular units can give rise to between 1 and 4 hairs. In those cases where the patient does not have sufficient hair density in the neck area or side areas of the head (donor site), the follicles can be extracted from other body areas, such as beard or chest .
In this technique, the follicles are extracted individually from the donor area. When follicular units are extracted by microsurgery, one by one, the invasiveness of the intervention is minimized, leaving no scars.
To carry out the FUE technique, the donor area must shave previously. This type of surgery is recommended in cases in which the area to be repopulated is small, since great results can be obtained by extracting and transplanting the follicles, one by one.
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Technique FUE robotic
This variant of the FUE technique presents a series of advantages with respect to the previous one. By using a robot, which automates the process of extracting the follicles, great results are achieved in less time. Thus, this variant is very useful when repopulating larger areas.
On the other hand, the high efficiency and precision of the robots that are currently used in the process, guarantees that the follicular units are extracted and grafted without suffering damage , guaranteeing the survival of the same and the successful repopulation.
Being autotransplants, the organism will not recognize follicles inserted as strangers and therefore there will be no rejection. After the surgery, small scars may remain that will be imperceptible over time.
After the healing process, the organism will begin to irrigate and vascularize the area of the hair grafts , guaranteeing the survival of them. The follicles will generate new hair, and from 3 months will begin to see the first results. The final result will not be appreciated until at least one year has passed.
Also, during the postoperative period, your surgeon will give you a series of guidelines to follow to ensure the success of the treatment and avoid possible complications. Some of these guidelines are, use shampoos antiseptics During the first days, avoid doing sports that may affect the area or avoid sunbathing.