In the medical definition, an aneurysm is an abnormal widening of an artery, caused by weakness in the wall of a blood vessel. This abnormality affects women more than 50 years of age. Learn how to detect and prevent aneurysms in this article.
What to know about the aneurysm
It is not yet clear what the reason for the aneurysm is. Some people suffer from birth and others, over the years. The most frequent sites where they originate are the major artery coming out of the heart (aorta), behind the knee (popliteal artery), brain, intestine (Mesenteric artery) and in the spleen (splenic artery). The latter case is very common in pregnant women.
The symptoms of the aneurysm will depend on the area where it has developed. If it occurs near the outside of the body causes pain, swelling and a lump that is recognized to the touch. When the aneurysms are in more internal zones or in the brain, they do not present symptoms.
In the case of the cerebral aneurysm, it can expand without bursting, pressing the nerves and causing headache, double vision and vertigo, as well as tinnitus (tinnitus in the Ears ), Loss of orientation, stiffness in the neck, not being able to articulate words, not understanding when speaking to the affected person, sensitivity to light, vomiting, seizures or loss of consciousness.
If the aneurysm ruptures, it causes low blood pressure, pain, dizziness, and an accelerated heart rate. In addition, when this occurs, the risks of dying are higher.
About 5% of the population suffer from cerebral aneurysm And those most at risk for this problem are those with a family history or blood circulation problems.
How an aneurysm is detected
We are referring to the cerebral aneurysm, the most serious and dangerous of all. If the rupture of an artery is discovered in time, we can avoid the death of the patient. Often, this pathology is related to unhealthy habits and other diseases.
Immediate action can ensure that the person is still alive. The estimated time to act is half an hour. It is necessary to pay close attention, since only 40% of the aneurysms are detected in time and, therefore, the patient does not die.
Since most people with this condition do not suffer from any symptoms and only abnormalities are detected when performing routine medical studies, it is not known how to act in the face of an attack. When it has not yet broken, it causes Headache Sentinel, a great headache in continuation, that does not give way more than that drugs are taken.
If the pain continues for a long time, it is necessary to visit the doctor. It's something serious and to deal with. Perhaps the aneurysm has been opened and caused a hemorrhage between the brain and the thin layer of tissue that protects the central nervous system. The headache is very abrupt, and does not even open the eyes. It is associated with nausea, dizziness, vomiting, loss of sensation on one side of the body, double or blurred vision, lack of strength and loss of consciousness.
Since after an aneurysm only half of the patients survive and a large percentage of them are left with neurological sequelae, they should go to emergencies or call the doctor at home when the headache Is unbearable and is not produced by any external factor such as a blow, a fall, an accident, etc.
How to avoid an aneurysm
Prevention is the best way to avoid an aneurysm. For that:
Visit to the doctor
Perform a full annual checkup that includes all the studies that the professional considers pertinent in relation to the age or condition of the patient. It is good for the doctor to know our background and family. If someone close has had an aneurysm, do not hesitate to tell the doctor.
Then, Different studies can be carried out to rule out any type of anomaly . Computed tomography (CT scan), magnetic resonance imaging, cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) analysis, and cerebral angiography are currently available.
Lead a healthier life
Among the good habits that can help you avoid an aneurysm, it is worth noting to quit smoking, moderate alcohol consumption, not to abuse drugs or drugs, to eat a healthy and balanced diet, to exercise two to three times A week, avoid the overweight , Control cholesterol and monitor high blood pressure.
Control your stress
If you measure and reduce your nerves, anxieties and stress, it will be more difficult for you to have an aneurysm. Do what is within your reach to reassure yourself a little, avoid anything that can make you feel bad, try to solve problems in time so that they do not become something more serious, etc. It is good also that you take vacations when appropriate and that you rest more .
Do not forget that sleep Between 6 and 8 hours each night is very good for your health. Do all those activities that are pleasant for you, such as reading, walking in the park, playing with children or grandchildren, taking care of garden plants, playing chess, taking yoga or pilates classes, swimming, learning To play an instrument, etc. Meditation could also help you reduce stress and avoid an aneurysm.