The thyroid is a gland that controls certain important functions of our body as it is metabolism . When the thyroid gland is affected, many organs of our body also suffer the consequences, resulting in different health problems. According to world statistics, thyroid abnormalities affect women in particular, especially after age 40, during or after pregnancy.
The main function of the thyroid gland is to produce three hormones: thyroxine (T4), triiodothyronine (T3), and calcitonin . T4 and T3 are those that are related to the metabolism of our body and stimulate almost all body cells, which in turn interferes with vital functions. Taking into account that it is such an important gland, it is necessary to pay close attention to it and to identify if we can be suffering some type of anomaly that later can become a bigger problem.
Although there are some symptoms that allow us to be alarmed about some type of anomaly in the thyroid gland, there is usually no clear symptom that allows us to detect it from its early stages. For this reason, Clinical laboratory tests play a very important role, since direct tests can identify whether or not there is some type of abnormality.
How is a thyroid problem diagnosed?
- First, the patient's medical history and family history are reviewed.
- Then a physical examination is done that includes the palpation of the neck, to look for some important clue.
- The analytical test is the most effective way, because through it you can study thyroid hormone and TSH.
Detecting in time some kind of Thyroid abnormality , The person can receive a timely treatment, recover their quality of life, reduce symptoms, control them and Learning to live with a disease that is well treated will not diminish the quality of life.
What are the symptoms of a thyroid abnormality?
As we have already mentioned, Abnormalities of the thyroid gland are not easy to detect, especially in the early stages . Often, thyroid abnormalities are pronounced with common symptoms, which can cause health professionals to confuse it with another milder but not less important disorder such as stress, fatigue, depression or dementia.
For this reason, It is important to be well informed and know that if we have frequent symptoms we should consult the doctor And require a concrete examination that allows us to have a clearer diagnosis and, above all, in time. It is true that some of these symptoms can occur due to other disorders, but if they are not temporary and continue to affect our quality of life , Then we must worry.
Any type of thyroid abnormality causes alterations in our metabolism , Causing in turn other disorders in our organs and leading to serious health problems.
As is very common in women, it can be pronounced affecting your menstrual cycle and even affecting your fertility. To know well all the symptoms of the anomalies of the thyroid Will allow us to avoid its consequences.
Uncontrolled hypothyroidism can lead to problems of being overweight, high cholesterol and risk of cardiovascular problems . In addition, it can also produce nervousness, depression, moodiness or apathy.
Other symptoms that allow us to alarm on time is swelling of the face and eyes, pale facial expression, voice changes, increased perspiration, cramps, hair loss and changes in the skin.
These symptoms clearly disrupt the quality of life of the person and prevent him from leading a normal lifestyle. Many times the patient is not very clear what is happening to him, making it difficult for the health professional to detect in time a thyroid problem. For this reason It is very important to be well informed in this regard to identify if you suffer from the signs mentioned as suspecting a thyroid problem.
As the risk increases especially after the age of 40, periodic checks are recommended every five years. The pregnant women Should have special monitoring, including thyroid review, to prevent complications during or after pregnancy, both for them and for the baby.