The communication barriers they can appear at any time and place . Whether at work or at home, with a friend or a stranger.
Because It is important to learn to overcome them. If lately you have the impression that nobody understands you perhaps you should change your expressions or eliminate the obstacles that do not allow a fluid exchange of ideas with others.
Types of communication barriers
A communication barrier is anything that does not allow information and conversation to flow correctly between you and another person. There are different types, for example:
They are related to the environment and technical defects as for example: noise, interference in telephone calls, being outdoors, climatic phenomena (storms), etcetera.
Visit this article: Traps of communication in which we always fall
When something is said but the other understands a different thing , a misunderstanding occurs. This may be because either we do not know how to explain ourselves well or that the interlocutor has some problem (he did not listen, he did not ask what he did not understand, etc.).
Antecedents or prejudices
Sometimes, communication barriers They can arise from a prejudice. If in the past we had problems to express our point of view before a boss or our couple The next time we will think that the same thing will happen and we act accordingly.
Lack of chemistry
We can not connect with everyone Sometimes communication barriers arise due to differences in age, ideology, social status or simply because we do not like a person.
Perhaps you are using certain very specific terms that"ordinary"people do not understand or words that are in another language.
It can also be done incorrect use of semantics or from the point of view of the meaning of words . For example: when a doctor explains a diagnosis and uses a specialized terminology that the patient finds incomprehensible.
Personality and psychology
Prejudices, generalizations and stereotypes can create communication barriers because predispose to not want to listen or understand expressions of the other.
Tips to overcome communication barriers
The first step is to identify what is the cause . Why is this problem when communicating or receiving information? Is it due to traffic noise, a taboo or a cultural difference? This can serve as a reference to modify the situation.
For example: go to a less noisy place, set aside prejudices or understand from the point of view of an ethnic group different from ours. To solve this, we recommend you take some advice:
1. Follow up
Giving things for granted is a mistake Very usual Many times, the interlocutor waits for a break in your speech to consult something that was not entirely clear to him. Also, in this way, you will integrate it into the conversation and this will not become just a monologue.
2. Control the quality of information
Sometimes we think we explain something well but, in reality, it is not like that. This is because you have previous data that you are not sharing (by omission, by forgetting or by considering that they are not necessary). To avoid this, the best thing you can do is try to explain"more"than"less".
3. Use feedback
It is one of the main techniques to overcome communication barriers because if the other feels involved and can give his opinion will have another predisposition to the message.
Feedback is beneficial for those who speak also because they can give you guidelines on how to continue or if you need to reinforce any concept.
Read also: Tips to improve communication in the couple
4. Develop empathy
Empathy, in a few words it consists in putting yourself in the place of another. This serves to visualize if your message is being well understood, what others want to hear or expect to receive from you, what their opinions, needs and concerns are.
In turn, the empathy It serves so that the interlocutor"opens up"and tells his points of view, his opinions or lets you know what he thinks is right and wrong.
Listening is part of effective communication.
5. Simplify and adapt
It is useless to add words, phrases or difficult concepts to your speech if others will not understand you. If the language is too"high"for the speaker, it is better to change it. You must learn to adapt your language .
It is not about lowering or lowering the level, but about improving the experience and overcoming communication barriers. And when there are terms that are complicated you can repeat them a couple of times. That way they will be fixed in the minds of others.
6. Control your emotions
Emotions can play tricks on you. If there are screams, cries or nerves It is better to postpone the conversation for another time, when things calm down.
Many times we make the mistake of continuing to argue even if the emotions are"on the surface". The downside of it is that we can hurt the other person or even receive a serious offense on your part. Wait until everything calms down to resume.