Infarction, cardiac arrest, stroke, stroke, stroke... we have heard these words often and yet most of us are not clear about what they mean and how they differ.
In this article we explain in detail what these health problems are, as well as the risk factors that influence all cardiovascular diseases.
In the case of myocardial infarction we met with A problem in the coronary artery, where a clot, formed most often by the detachment of an atherosclerotic plaque, blocks the blood supply and oxygen that would have to go to the heart. This blockage usually causes irregularities in the heartbeat (arrhythmias), pain in the chest that can radiate to the left side of the body, difficulty breathing, etc.
This blockade should be dealt with as soon as possible, since within a few hours Can cause death of the affected heart muscle.
The person who suffers a heart attack Does not lose consciousness at any time and, instead, suffers acute pains.
In this case, The heart stops beating suddenly . Who suffers a cardiac arrest immediately loses consciousness, which causes a fainting and a respiratory arrest.
Thus, The treatment must be immediate, since if it does not entail death . It will require immediate cardiopulmonary resuscitation until it is possible to apply a Defibrillation , Which sends an electric shock to restore normal heart rate.
Those who have already suffered a cardiac arrest can implement a defibrillator that will reduce the risk if they suffer another stop.
Stroke, also known by the names of Cerebral infarction, stroke or ictus , Happens when Stops the flow of blood to a part of the brain . If this accident lasts more than several seconds we find that the brain stops receiving oxygen and nutrients, which causes the death of brain cells and therefore permanent damage.
There are two types of stroke:
- Ischemic : It is the most frequent, with a statistic of 85% of the total number of strokes, and entails the irreversible situation that we have commented. It is a cerebral infarction, therefore, caused by a thrombus that prevents the correct irrigation of the brain.
- Hemorrhagic : It is less frequent, and although the mortality rate is quite higher, by contrast, survivors to this type of stroke have, in general, less severe sequelae than those who have suffered from ischemic stroke. It is a bleeding or effusion caused by the rupture of a blood vessel.
There are common risk factors for these coronary problems. We should know them to prevent all types of cardiovascular diseases, especially if we have risk factors or if we have a family history:
- Arterial hypertension: It is essential to monitor your blood pressure regularly. The doctor must determine the appropriate treatment according to the values of our pressure.
- Excessive consumption of harmful fats: Fat is an essential nutrient for our health, but must be of good quality. We recommend regular consumption of vegetable fats of good quality, such as olive oil, flax oil, coconut oil, avocado, nuts, etc.
- Cholesterol and high triglycerides: The analytics will keep us informed of these levels, which we can improve with a good diet and also controlling our emotional health. The excess of these fats are deposited in the walls of the arteries, forming plaques of atheroma, able to detach and to form thrombi.
- Diabetes : 20% of people who have suffered a stroke are diabetic.
- Sedentarism: Today we all know that it is fundamental to exercise. We can do a little bit each day, for example, getting used to going up and down stairs. Either go walking, or play a sport two or three times a week.
- Smoking : It is indispensable to reduce this bad habit, not only for our coronary health, but to avoid many other health problems.
- Obesity : Being overweight multiplies the risk of suffering cardiovascular problems and, therefore, we should treat it without it being something very sacrificed. There are many Natural tips Which will help us to eat in a more healthy way and thus also progressively thinning, without sacrifices or traumas.
- Stress : Stress influences our health and aggravates to a large extent the problems we already have or to which we are prone. It is directly related, for example, to cholesterol levels. Therefore, we recommend looking for ways to avoid it in our lives.
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