The mere fact of thinking that we can end up suffering a heart attack At any moment is something that fills us with much fear, because we know that in most cases its consequences can be fatal. Nevertheless, What we should worry about most is not being prepared for a case like this, even more so if it happens to us when we are alone.
Knowing how to react to the symptoms of a heart attack can be key to saving our lives. In many cases it is difficult to act when we are alone, but if we consider some recommendations, We can have more chances to survive and receive professional attention on time.
Is a heart attack the same as a cardiac arrest?
Before giving you the recommendations to survive a heart attack if you are alone, it is very important that we clarify the difference between a cardiac arrest and a heart attack. It is very common to see how people fall into the error of believing that both things are exactly the same, when in fact it is not so . Although both cardiac arrest and myocardial infarction (correct medical term for heart attack) are due to blood circulation And supply to the heart, Both differ in their respective modes of appearance.
A cardiac arrest occurs when the blood circulation of our body decreases , Which causes the contractions of the heart to become irregular or weaker. As a result, all parts of our body fail to receive adequate oxygen supply and, because of this, the person loses consciousness, because the brain does not receive the necessary amount of oxygen.
On the other hand, A heart attack or, rather, myocardial infarction, occurs when blood flow is cut in a particular area of the heart , Usually due to an arterial obstruction. As a result, cells in this area of our heart begin to die and, if left untreated, over time this alteration in the supply of blood and oxygen to the heart can cause severe damage to heart muscle and tissues. Commonly the symptoms that are associated with a heart attack, and that allows us to act on time, are chest pain, shortness of breath, palpitations, Excessive sweating , Nausea, fatigue or dizziness, among others.
Well, now that we have made clear the differences between cardiac arrest and heart attack, We invite you to know how you must act to survive a heart attack if you are alone. It is noteworthy that there is as such some totally effective way to survive a heart attack, but these tips can be decisive.
How to act before a heart attack?
- First, you must call an emergency number When you start to feel Physical discomfort And heart aches that may be suspected. If you have already been diagnosed with any type of heart disease, contact the medical center where you are receiving the respective treatment. If you happen to be driving a vehicle and you begin to feel the symptoms, stop immediately and call for emergencies as soon as possible.
- No matter how close you may be to a medical center or hospital, By no means try to drive the car yourself, Because at any moment you can lose consciousness while driving and this can end badly for you and even for others.
- If you are already receiving medical treatment to control your heart disease, you may have some type of over-the-counter beta blocker. If so, Take a pill while waiting for help. If it is the first time that it happens to you, Take as soon as possible aspirin And spit it well . This medicine helps prevent clots from forming, which will help improve blood flow by relaxing the arteries. This will be very useful to prevent the problem from getting worse while the help arrives.
- Keep as quiet as possible To avoid overworking heart muscle that is already depleted.
- If you can, Hit hard on the chest area where the heart is , To avoid it stops pumping blood. This is very difficult when you have a heart attack and it is more effective if someone else does it for you.
After knowing the steps to act before a heart attack if we are alone, many of you will wonder Why did I take the time to cover the issue of the difference between heart attack And heart attack? Well, most likely many of you in some type of mail or web page have found information that seeks to teach to do Cardiopulmonary resuscitation through cough or Cough-CPR (Continuously force-coughing) at the time of experiencing symptoms of heart attack.
Although this procedure is not incorrect and has helped save many people, what many do not differentiate is that it is a method to apply in case of cardiac arrest. Commonly, this type of chain or advice does not clarify the difference between the two problems and therefore many people can not act correctly according to their case. I hope you find it helpful!