Many times we confuse a mole with a wart because we do not know the characteristics of each. Beyond something aesthetic, it is good to know the difference between the two. Early detection of abnormalities in these spots or protrusions of the skin can prevent cancer, for example.
Characteristics of moles
The common mole is a small lump that appears on the skin and is pink, brown or tan, has defined borders and appears at any point in life (although many of them are already present at birth). People with more than 50 common moles are more likely to have some type of complication and even melanoma ( skin cancer ).
However, it is good to note that the vast majority of common moles do not produce any serious pathology and can remain in our body without problems.
If the mole is dysplastic, flat and large, without round or oval shape and with a poorly defined border, it is necessary to consult with the dermatologist. The doctor will be responsible for giving your diagnosis and may request a series of special studies. Do not be left with the idea that it is simply a mole, especially if they appear more elsewhere and are changing color or size.
You should go to the doctor as soon as possible if:
- If the mole modifies the height (it becomes more bulky).
- It grows in size.
- It changes its shape.
- It stings, bleeds the ooze.
- Also if a lunar Which does not look like the others.
The tissue will be removed to check for the presence or absence of cancer cells.
A common mole is 5 mm wide, can be oval or round, the surface is smooth and has a defined, dome-shaped edge. Clear-skinned people have more pink moles and those with a darker complexion, roasted moles . It has also been proven that those who have hair and clear skin have more moles than those with hair and dark skin.
Moles are skin lesions that contain a large amount of pigment cells (called melanocytes), may be congenital or acquired over the years. On average, an adult has 40 moles all over his body . The chances of these moles becoming harmful or carcinogenic ranges from 0.1 to 0.2%.
Factors that increase the chance of a mole turning into melanoma are:
Amount of moles
More than 50 in the body may be indicating an anomaly, although it does not mean that in all cases it is skin cancer.
Ultraviolet radiation is very harmful to our body. Serious burns from blisters resulting from exposure to Sun , Not to carry out healthy practices in relation to the rays of the sun, not to use protection factor, to lie on the beach between 11 and 16 hours, to be tanned all the year (either by the sun or by the solar bed) are risk factor's.
If any family member has had skin problems or even cancer (melanoma), more attention should be given to sun exposure and the appearance of malignant moles. People with very clear skin, hair Blond or red, green, blue or gray eyes are also at increased risk for moles appearing in your body to become cancer.
If you have very sensitive skin that is burned by simple exposure to the sun, you have to analyze the spots that appear and keep track of their shapes, colors, texture, etc.
Characteristics of warts
Warts are placed on a ladder higher than moles, because they are cutaneous lesions caused by the human papillomavirus. They are variable and sometimes unsightly in appearance. They can affect several areas of skin And extirpation is not always simple, as they have their own blood supply system, so they cause heavy bleeding when not removed using medical devices. Its manipulation can cause pain because the wart engages nerve terminals.
The development of warts is related to a failure or deficit in the immune system . According to the serotype of the virus, it affects a different area of the body: hands, face, neck, feet, armpits, genitals... They can detach and disappear spontaneously.
The techniques that are used to remove the warts are diverse, Depending on the severity of the injury, size, where it is, etc.
- Cryosurgery: Liquid nitrogen or solid carbon dioxide (known as dry ice) is used to freeze the tissue. It is a somewhat painful treatment, but it is one of the most effective to eradicate warts.
- Topical medication: Special preparations with acids that burn them little by little.
- Electrodesection: It is not recommended in case the warts are benign, since it generates Scars Unsightly
- Surgical removal: It is not very effective and is hardly used, due to the risk of viral dissemination and the rate of recurrence.
- Antibiotic injection: What causes is the inhibition of the wart DNA to prevent further development.
- Laser: It is the most used in cases of patients with warts that bother but do not present harmful conditions or characteristics. An injection is applied in the middle of the wart to sleep the area and is extracted by"burning"the surroundings so that it comes off alone. There are no scars left.