Alzheimer's disease is a neurodegenerative disease progressing progressively in the patients. As a general rule it affects the neurons, the characteristic cells of the Nervous System. In particular, the neurons that are found in the cerebral cortex.
The cortex or cerebral cortex is a nervous tissue that is in the form of a layer above the cerebral hemispheres. It also alters other adjacent structures.
On the other hand, it is about subtype of dementia that appears most often in our society. In this way, 60% of dementias are caused by Alzheimer's disease. However, experts estimate that there is a large number of clinical cases with this pathology undiagnosed.
Most common symptoms of Alzheimer's disease
Normally the signs of this pathology they are related to the activities of the Central Nervous System or SNC. Therefore, a wide range of cognitive and behavioral disorders occur. For example, among the most frequent we can highlight:
- Mood changes unpredictably. Also, the patient may show symptoms of depression, aggression, apathy, etc.
- Disorientation both spatially and temporally (relative to the time of year, month ...).
- Difficulty to carry out daily activities, drawings, simple mathematical operations ...
- Forgetting names and locating important objects (which leads to their loss).
- In the stages more advanced, the subjects present serious alterations associated with language. They do not understand the meaning of the words and are unable to finish the sentences. They also begin to develop problems in the coordination of movements and in balance.
What are the causes of Alzheimer's disease?
Currently specialists have determined that a set of factors biological and environmental can lead to the presence of this disease. A characteristic signal of the pathology is the appearance of plates senile and tangles of neurofibrils.
The medical team has also been able to identify a number of risk factors for this disease. It refers to the characteristics or habits of a patient that make him more prone to a pathology. In this case, the smoking, advanced age and a medical history with a history they are the most decisive factors.
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Treatments for Alzheimer's disease
As usual, the different treatments offered by the medical team need the consent of the patient. Also, the different therapies seek to relieve symptoms as much as possible . They will also seek to slow down the evolution of the disorder, encourage cognitive functions and avoid new associated or derived pathologies. However, nowadays it is unknown if there is a definitive cure for this disorder.
On the other hand, we can highlight two subtypes of therapy depending on whether or not they use medications to help the patient. In this way we can find:
Studies have shown that a adaptation of the environment in which the subject lives improves his psychological state. Thus, you can identify the medium easily and remember moments that help you maintain your personality.
Recent research has shown that the implantation of a neurostimulator in the brain it has very positive effects about the subjects. As a general rule, it is implanted in the early stages of the disease.
The device placed through a surgical intervention It is able to mimic the functioning of the Nervous System under normal conditions. However, the technique will not be fully developed for a decade, according to experts.
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- Psychotropic drugs . In this category are included:
- Antipsychotics They are used to control the mood of the patient when he feels nervous or shows aggression.
- Other drugs such as beta-blockers, antiepileptic drugs, etc.
- Antagonists of NMDA receptors (N-methyl-D-aspartate).
- Acetylcholinesterase inhibitors ( IACE ). In this way, the protection of the cholinergic system is ensured. This system is responsible for monitoring the information processed by the Nervous System.
In any case, the administration of medications leads to exposure to side effects that should be known by families.