Bleeding from the nose, also known as nosebleed Or medically as Epistaxis , Is a very common symptom that can appear even in the most inopportune moments. It is a bleeding that can be very alarming, especially since a small amount of blood can look like a liter , When it comes out through the nose and reaches to soak the clothes. Although this symptom often alarms almost all people, the truth is that seldom is a symptom that something serious is happening, since it is almost always caused by injuries, nasal allergies or other discomfort that affect the blood vessels located in the lining of the nose.
What are the common causes of nosebleeds?
Nasal hemorrhage is a spontaneous symptom Can appear when the mucous membrane of the nose becomes dry and hardens, causing a cracking that is the cause of the Bleeding . This same symptom is also very common in people taking anticoagulants and in the elderly, whose blood takes longer to coagulate.
Other common causes of nose bleeds include:
- Blow your nose very hard
- Nose blows
- Low humidity levels
- Nasal Allergies
- Places of high altitude
- Drug's use
- Calcium deficiency
How to stop bleeding from the nose?
One of the first things to do when bleeding nose Is to sit upright in leaning forward. The right position decreases the pressure in the veins, while leaning forward will prevent blood from flowing through the throat . Taking this advice into account, you can also follow other recommendations:
- Salt water: Make a saline solution by mixing a pinch of salt into a glass of water, which you then inject into the nose with the help of a syringe.
- Lemon: Put one or two drops of lemon when the nose bleeds. This drop should fall well over the affected pit.
- Vinegar: Another good solution is to submerge a piece of gauze sterilized in vinegar, which should be left 10 minutes inside the nose.
- Cold cloth: Put a cold cloth on the Bridge of the nose . This remedy will help to contract the veins and stop the blood flow.
- Ice: The application of ice can also be effective in stopping bleeding from the nose. Simply apply ice to the bridge of the nose for a couple of minutes.
- Wet towel: Putting a damp towel on your head could help slow the bleeding quickly.
- Blowing your nose : Lastly, your nose rings gently to expel any clot of blood that may be hindering the normal flow.
Recommendations to prevent nosebleeds
Obviously there is nothing better than prevention to avoid that embarrassing and annoying moment of bleeding from the nose. There are some recommendations that can help you avoid this problem:
- If you suffer or have suffered from nose bleeds, Drink eight glasses of 200 ml of water a day. This will help keep the nostrils moist and free of bleeding.
- Avoid excessive use of air conditioning . This type of air dries the natural air, which makes you more prone to nose bleeds.
- Rub the inside of the nose with a little vaseline Or spray with saline solution . This will help maintain the moisture of the nostril, especially in cases of sinusitis or a cold.
- Avoid blowing your nose roughly.
- Apply a little vitamin E In the nostrils to maintain its moisture. You simply have to soak a cotton with this oil and put it in the nostrils.
- Increases consumption of vitamin C, Which is key to strengthening the capillary walls and is also a vital component of collagen, a substance that gives your nose a moist, protective coating.
When to seek medical attention?
Bleeding from the nose is rarely a warning that something is wrong. However, when they occur frequently and without any reason, it is very important to consult the doctor to rule out a major health problem, such as, leukemia Or some blood disorder.
It is also recommended to go to the doctor immediately If the bleeding lasts 20 minutes or more , If the blood loss is high, or if it is due to an injury caused by a stroke or an accident.