The coronary arteries are responsible for transporting blood with oxygen to the heart muscle . When these arteries become clogged, there is what is known as coronary heart disease , Which causes an inadequate supply of blood to the heart, being a highly detrimental health problem.
If the obstruction in the arteries is complete, it is possible that they may damage the involved heart areas. In many of these cases the worst of the consequences is the death of the cardiac muscle, And most worrying of all is that this disease has now become the leading cause of death in the world.
People who suffer from clogged coronary arteries are at high risk for a heart attack or myocardial infarction. The disease affects both men and women and in both cases the mortality rates are quite high.
What are the causes of coronary heart disease?
Coronary artery blockage is mainly caused by the accumulation of fatty and waxy deposits inside the Arteries . These in turn are composed of cholesterol, calcium and other substances in the blood. In general, the main causes of coronary heart disease are:
- Thickening of the walls of the arteries Which feed the heart muscle.
- Accumulation of fatty plaques Within the coronary arteries.
- Narrowing of the coronary arteries.
- Blockage of blood flow Because of a clot formed inside the coronary arteries.
- Inflammation of the coronary arteries.
Obstruction can occur in one or more coronary arteries, regardless of location. Likewise, there are different degrees of severity. By preventing blood flow to pass properly to the muscle of the heart , This disease can produce symptoms such as chest pain or shortness of breath, among others.
Symptoms of coronary heart disease
One of the biggest problems with coronary artery blockage is that it usually develops for many years. This is a high risk because in its early stages does not reveal concrete symptoms and these may take time to show until the disease is too advanced and difficult to treat. The symptoms of coronary disease differ in each person and in each case , But usually those who suffer from it usually have the following symptomatology:
- Malaise or chest pain (angina).
- Difficulty breathing.
- Edema or fluid retention in the feet.
- Extreme fatigue and fatigue after exercise.
- Pain in the arms or shoulders.
- Excessive sweating.
When people age, in most cases Hardening of the arteries . Nevertheless, There are certain risk factors that can speed up this process or lead to another cause of artery blockage.
- Sex: The male gender is at greater risk of heart attack compared to women.
- Age: Men are at greater risk from the age of 45, while women increase their risk after age 55.
- Genetic factors: If there is a family history of heart disease.
- Obesity and overweight.
- Lead a sedentary lifestyle.
- Have the high cholesterol .
- Suffer from hypertension.
- Suffering from diabetes.
- Excessive consumption of alcoholic beverages.
- Excessive consumption of fatty foods, sugars, cholesterol and calories.
The heart is one of the most important organs of our body, so here are 10 tips to help you take care of it and keep it healthy. See more: 10 Heart Care Tips
Can coronary artery blockage be prevented?
Like many other chronic diseases, a healthy lifestyle is key to preventing coronary heart disease. Then We leave you the tips that you can apply in your day to day to prevent the blockage of the coronary arteries.
- Maintain a balanced weight and avoid being overweight.
- Increase the consumption of whole grains, fruits and vegetables, keys to clean arteries and improve heart health. Also, avoid saturated fats, red meat and processed meats.
- Start a good exercise routine that suits your age and physical ability.
- If you have the bad habit of smoking, start looking for support to quit.
- In case of suffering from hypertension Or diabetes is very important to take a medical check to prevent the serious consequences of both diseases.
- A low dose of aspirin daily may help prevent coronary artery blockage, but it is very important to consult your doctor before consuming it.
- Increase your intake of good cholesterol and try to lead a healthy lifestyle to reduce levels of bad cholesterol and triglycerides.