Sciatica and lumbago: How can you treat them?

These are two very similar conditions that cause pain and lack of movement in the back . More and more patients are consulted about these problems due to their efforts or because they sit for a long time without moving. Know in this article what is sciatica and lumbago and how you can treat them.

Sciatica: what to know

The irritation of the sciatic nerve, better known as"sciatica"causes pain in the lower back. This pain extends through the back of the legs and can reach the tip of the feet.

It is one of the most frequent consultations in adults, especially in middle-aged men Who have very sedentary jobs like clerical. The pain can last days, weeks or even years and not allow freedom of movement.

"Sciatica"occurs by squeezing the sciatic nerve due to a movement, lifting a lot of weight or simply leaving the back in the same position for hours and hours daily. The roots of this nerve begin in the spinal cord and exit through the vertebrae, descending behind the buttocks and to the outer edge of the foot.

Some of the most common causes of sciatica are:

  • Hernia of vertebral disc.
  • Lumbar canal stenosis.
  • Pyrifiorme syndrome.
  • Fractures.
  • Tumors.
  • Paget's disease.
  • Pregnancy .

The symptoms of this condition are:

  • Pain that varies in intensity according to the movement.
  • Impossibility to move freely, for example, to get out of bed, tie the laces or lift something off the floor.
  • Alterations in the sensitivity of the skin .
  • Muscular weakness.
  • Lack of reflexes.
  • Limp when walking

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Low back pain: what to know

The vast majority of people have suffered from low back pain at least once in life. Also called"lumbago", it is a pain in the area of ​​the torso, more precisely from where the ribs end to where the buttocks .

It is the main cause of disability and most suffer from people between 20 and 45 years. It intensifies as you get older. The spine is composed of different bones (vertebrae) that are separated by discs of cartilage that cushion shocks or movements. In turn, the vertebrae are covered with a thin layer of cartilage and are held in place by muscles and ligaments.

The lumbar part is the lower part of the back and consists of five vertebrae, which connect the thorax with the pelvis and the legs . It allows us to turn, to move, to bend and bend and give us the strength to get up, walk, run and stand. When you suffer from low back pain you feel pain when doing any of these activities.

There are two types of low back pain: specific and non-specific. In the first, the cause of its occurrence is known, something that happens in 20% of cases. Some of the reasons that trigger the problem are: osteoarthritis (degenerative arthritis), osteoporosis, herniated disc and vertebral stenosis. In the case of non-specific low back pain, the remaining 80% of patients do not know the origin of the pain. The factors that trigger it most frequently are to lift very heavy loads, the stress , Repeated wrong postures or psychological factors, among others.

Another classification for low back pain is based on how long the pain is maintained : Acute (less than 7 days), subacute (from 7 days to 7 weeks) and chronic (more than 7 weeks).

Back pain

How can sciatica and lumbago be treated?

According to traditional Chinese medicine, problems of sciatica and low back pain also affect the kidneys and bladder and attribute it to excessive consumption of meat, spicy and alcohol, among others. There is a psychological theory that indicates that it is a somatization because of unresolved emotional problems, such as lack of work, abandonment, divorce, poverty, etc.

But beyond determining what it is that can be causing these pains in your back And legs (depending on the case), it is good to know several solutions or treatments. The most effective and natural are:

Massage

Place oil in a Almonds Or essential oil of St. John's wort, mixed with rosemary extract and arnica extract , All in the same proportion. It is massaged from the sole of the foot and rises to the lower part of the back. Thus the body is warming and relaxing. To make the technique even more effective, it is recommended to continue with the massages throughout the body, especially on the shoulder blades, shoulders and nape.

Go to therapy

In case the pain is caused by an emotional or psychological problem, we must go to a therapist. This will relieve the pain, since the patient will feel more relieved when talking about problems, traumas and fears.

Exercise

Yoga

Certain types of movements or disciplines, such as the yoga , Taichi, swimming, pilates or aquagym can help improve the picture. It is always good to perform the exercise as far as the body"starts to complain", without forcing it too much. We must not forget the previous heating and the final elongation.

To be on the move

It is not advised to be in excess of rest nor to stand still in the same posture for many hours in a row. At work, Get up every hour and give a"little walk" , for example.

Apply heat

If we do not have anyone who can massage us or have no money to pay for a specialist, a good idea is Put an electric pad in the sore area for half an hour, While we watch television, we read or talk to someone.

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