Dust allergy is caused by small microorganisms known as dust mites , Which causes symptoms such as nasal packing, frequent sneezing, nasal discharge, cough, itchy nose, eyes and, in the worst cases, episodes of asthma.
Mites belong to the diverse group of arachnids, as they are closely related to spiders and scorpions. These Are found in virtually every corner of an average home and we are likely to be surrounded by them at this time .
However, we are constantly exposed to a huge micro-world of organisms, of which mites are just one of the many beings that make it up. Thus, Are not necessarily harmful, since most species of mites are harmless and are not visible to the human eye.
The species that invades our homes and is Responsible for allergies and respiratory problems Are dust mites or domestic mites. Now, to combat these organisms you have to know a little more about them.
Where are the mites found?
Mites are organisms imperceptible to anyone (they measure approximately 0.3 millimeters), which are Feed on the dead cells that are released from our skin. The small fecal particles that produce these organisms are responsible for dust allergy. Each mite can produce approximately 20 of these particles daily and, during its 10-week life span, a total of 2000. Only in an average mattress can be from 100 thousand to 100 million mites.
The male mite lives for about 10 days, while the female for 70 and get to put between 60 and 100 eggs in his life . At this rate, the number of mites in a house can grow exponentially.
Mites avoid light, which is why they are usually hidden between the fibers of fabrics and materials Like the folds of the fabric of a cushion, mattress, carpet and stuffed. In addition, they also proliferate in places with an ambient temperature and high humidity Such as attics and basements.
Allergy to dust and its consequences for health
It is estimated that dust mites are responsible for 50% of all allergic symptoms. Inhaling them is responsible for respiratory diseases such as rhinitis, a condition that affects the nasal mucosa and causes sneezing, itching, obstruction, nasal secretions and, occasionally, lack of smell. Also, they are known to cause asthma.
Also, mites can cause allergic conjunctivitis, Which is an inflammation in the eye that causes itching, redness, tearing and the sensation of having something in the cornea.
In the same way, prolonged contact of the skin with the mites generates an irritation, called atopic dermatitis Which causes itching and inflammation of the skin.
Definitive Remedies and Home Remedies
To avoid Discomfort of dust allergy Simply avoid exposure to mites. Cleaning is the key and, for it to be more effective, there are several simple remedies that can be done at home. For this reason, no professional is needed to control mites.
Anti-dust mite spray
First of all, an effective solution is to manufacture a home insecticide to remove these organisms from the fabrics and corners of the bedroom . However, you can also buy it in stores.
For elaboration it is necessary:
- A spray bottle
- Half a cup of alcohol
- Half cup of demineralized water (distilled)
- 30 drops of essential oils (lemon, eucalyptus, lavender, cypress, cinnamon, etc.)
All ingredients are mixed in the bottle and the spray against the mites is ready. Then, The mixture is sprayed on the bed, pillows, sheets, duvets, curtains and any other place where dust accumulates . It is advisable not to apply the spray for prescience of children under three years and pregnant women. Thereafter, it is necessary to allow the liquid to evaporate before using any of the objects that came into contact with the mixture.
The first time you apply the anti-mite spray will significantly reduce the mite population in the room for two months. In order to keep the area free of these organisms, the mixture should be reapplied periodically every two to three months.
Another remedy is Diffuse essential oils such as eucalyptus, lavender, mint, pepper or pine in the air daily to ensure fresh air is breathed and free of pesky particles. Also, the smell is very nice.
A mixture of anise, clove, fennel, thyme, verneine and lavender spray, sprayed on bedding and carpets, also helps to decrease the mite population throughout the bedroom. In addition, it leaves the room with an excellent aroma and the atmosphere is perceived much cleaner and fresh.
On the other hand, essential oils, because they are very concentrated substances, during their application can be irritating substances. In this way, it is necessary to apply them in moderation and to do it by people who do not suffer from any allergies.
Prevent the appearance of mites
It is essential to clean and prevent the appearance of new mites. For this reason, some changes in the home must be made to generate conditions that do not facilitate the proliferation of mites. Here are some tips:
- Keep the humidity low, specifically below 50%. The frequent use of a dehumidifier in the bedrooms will reduce the chances of developing dust allergy. Along with this, you can purchase a hygrometer to measure the humidity levels in the house.
- It is necessary to ventilate the room. Opening windows and running the wind is a good way to prevent dust particles and dust mites from accumulating. Just air the house for about 15 minutes a day.
- It is necessary to try to enter sunlight of the room. Keeping the room well lit can help prevent dust mites.
- It is necessary to wash the sheets and curtains at a temperature higher than 60 degrees Celsius. In this way, it ensures that all mites are eliminated.
- Cleaning the mattress is important because it is where more time is spent in contact with the mites and, probably, where there is more concentration. Be sure to pass the vacuum cleaner over the mattress and between the crevices of the fabric to remove all particles and dust. Do this periodically to prevent mites from accumulating on the surface of the mite.
- In summer, it is advisable to remove everything in the sun, since mites can not survive in very high temperatures. In the same way, in low temperatures, these temperatures kill these organisms very effectively.
- Carpets and other shelters can be removed from mites . Carpeting is a comfortable habitat for dust mites. This is especially true if the carpet is on top of cement because it retains moisture easily and provides a humid environment for mites. If possible, you can replace the carpeting with tiles, wood, etc. Along with this, changing the furniture and other appliances that accumulate dust in the bedrooms like non-washable curtains and blinds is an excellent way to prevent their appearance.
Removing mites from the home is a simple task but, to make it effective, it must be constant. For this reason, We must try to periodically clean the most critical points of the house Which are: the mattress, the sheets and the carpets, since in these places there is a greater concentration of these microorganisms. Especially, Cleaning is recommended in spring and autumn, because it is the seasons where the annoying mites usually appear.