Swimming styles: Which one is best for you?

All swimming styles have many advantages for our well-being. Not only do they activate the most important muscle groups of the body, but they also support weight loss and increase physical resistance.

His practice can start at any age and has many advantages compared to other sports disciplines. However, It is essential to know in detail its characteristics , since not all involve the same efforts and results.

Although at the time of learning to swim all the styles are approached, It is important to know in advance what your differences are , who can practice them and what resistance level It is required for each one. Still do not know which one suits you? Discover its features.

Crawl style (crawl)

One of the most popular swimming styles is the crawl. In all schools of learning is the most prominent, since it is usually the first to be taught. It is the ideal modality for all newbies, Because his technique is easy to learn and has different forms of coordination.

It is also considered the fastest, since the constant movement of the legs and arms optimize propulsion. Nevertheless, sometimes the butterfly can exceed its speeds, especially in some moments of its cycle.

How is it done?

  • To do it correctly, be sure to keep your body stretched and your head facing forward from under the water.
  • Then, start to alternate strokes, accompanied with kicks.
  • When you feel the need to breathe, take your head out of the water, accompanying the rotation of the arm.
  • Ideally, learn to master bilateral breathing to have a better performance.

Did you know? Protection of the ears when swimming

Butterfly style

The butterfly style emerged in the decade of the 50s as a variant of the breaststroke. It is the most modern of all the swimming variants and also one of the most striking. Due to the movements involved, requires high levels of physical strength and good coordination.

In addition, those who start in their practice should be careful, since a bad move can end in a muscular ailment . Thus, is recommended when the person already masters another of the styles and has a good abdominal muscle development.

How is it done?

  • Put yourself in a ventral position, similar to crawl, but focus on achieving good coordination between the movement of the arms and legs.
  • With the latter you must make a movement similar to that of the dolphins flutter.
  • The kick is one of the most complex parts, because you must keep your legs together to achieve a constant wave movement. This allows you to achieve better propulsion within the water and the space to do the breathing.

Back style

One of the styles of swimming that often used for therapeutic purposes it's the style back . It is the third fastest variant among the swimming modalities, very close to the butterfly, but far from the breaststroke, which is the last one.

Because of its characteristics, many label it as a variant of crawl; even, in some texts it is still known as"backstroke". The only special rule you have is to stay with your back the whole exercise.

Do not miss it: Discover how swimming helps improve health

How is it done?

  • Face up, so you can perform the arm strokes backwards, alternately.
  • At the same time, kick with the legs in a similar way to the crawl style.
  • When you do the movement of the arms, keep in mind the movement of the shoulders during the whole swim , since it is decisive to do the exercise correctly.

Chest or breaststroke style

He chest style , also known as breaststroke, is the slowest form of swimming, although not the easiest for that. Its difference with respect to the other styles is that both the stroke and the kick have the same importance .

How is it done?

  • Position yourself in a ventral position, performing synchronous arm and leg movements.
  • You must achieve a rising and descending movement of the shoulders and hips, adding the coordination of the arms.
  • You can not turn your back and you will have to verify that the movements of the arms and legs are in the same horizontal plane.
  • The elbows remain in the water, except at the turn and arrival point.


Remember that if you want to master swimming styles you must be consistent with the training of each modality. Try to start with the easiest ones and leave the complexes for when you have more physical resistance.

Loading ..

Recent Posts

Loading ..