In recent years there has been a lot of talk about Colorectal cancer . Its incidence is also increasing in women, being the second most frequent cancer among us. Why it happens? For what is this? The causes are imprecise at the moment, which is why prevention and being aware of the symptoms are fundamental.
Today in our space we want to talk about it, For your health and for your peace of mind . Colorectal cancer is treated and many people are able to overcome it every year and that's why we want to invite you to know all the data below.
1. What is colorectal cancer?
Colorectal Cancer Originates in the colon or in the rectum . Both are related and, although treated differently, have the same symptoms and the same origin. To understand it a little better we are going to remember what purpose these parts of our organism have.
- When we eat, food is digested in the stomach For later, to be processed and eliminated by our intestines.
- First they pass through the small intestine, the longest part of the digestive system, which is responsible for digesting and obtaining nutrients from food.
- Then, the waste arrives from the large intestine to the colon, which is responsible for absorbing water, synthesize some types of vitamins and store wastes that later will be taken to the rectum. All this last section has a width of 15 centimeters, and that is where Causes colorectal cancer .
2. How does colorectal cancer start?
He Colorectal cancer Has its beginnings with the growth of one or more Polyps Inside the lining of the walls of the colon or rectum. They grow on the inside and can have a flat or oval shape.
This is where prevention has a vital relevance. The vast majority of these polyps are benign but, if they are not removed in time, they are cancerous. They are called adenomas, And only give clues of their presence when they acquire a certain size and, when they come in contact with the feces, they bleed. It is then that we realize that something happens.
In many countries efforts are being made to program Colonoscopies Periodic In order to prevent. If a polyp is detected early, when it is small, we will eliminate the risk of colorectal cancer. Anyway, we can also arrive on time the moment we notice something strange. So, in case of any problem, however insignificant, make it known to your doctor. Worth it.
3. Symptoms of colorectal cancer
- Blood in the stool : It is the most obvious symptom and the one we should never ignore. We know it is never pleasant, but it is important that you always observe the color and shape of your stool, especially if you see any trace of blood. The color may be red or black, and it is due to the fact that the feces have come into contact with those polyps present in our colon or rectum that, when rubbed, bleed.
- Anemia: Women usually suffer anemia More usually than men. Normally it is due to an abundant menstruation, but it is important that we always know the causes. If you are diagnosed with anemia ask your doctor to do an analysis of your stool for blood.
- Changes in your bowel rhythm: Do you often suffer from constipation Alternated with weeks of diarrhea? Then tell your doctor. It is important to know the source of that change in your bowel rhythm.
- Form of your stool: Pay attention to any changes in the shape of your stool, especially if they are suddenly thinner. This could be due to the presence of polyps that narrow the intestine and do not allow a normal evacuation of the stool.
- Foreign feeling sensation: Do you feel that when you go to the bathroom you are still wanting? What's left inside your gut? This problem is called tenesmus and we must inform our doctor.
- Abdominal pain: Do you feel very full when you've just eaten? Do you feel tired and have a very heavy abdomen? Then do not overlook it. Surely it is due to anything without too much importance, like gases, but if in addition to this symptom notes, for example, that your stools are now different, go to the doctor. It costs nothing and you will be more calm when you discard more serious things!
- Weightloss: When there is a problem in the colon , We stop adequately synthesizing many nutrients, food is not processed the same... All this will cause us to lose some kilos. It is worth bearing in mind.
4. Can colorectal cancer be prevented?
The most important thing about colorectal cancer (as in any other) is to be alert to the symptoms and try to bring a good quality of life . At the moment, there is no strategy that we can follow to avoid 100% of these diseases, but it is always important to work every day to take care of us as much as possible.
Here are some guidelines that can help you:
- If you are a smoker, what are you waiting for? Quit smoking ? Start today!
- Follow a Mediterranean diet, rich in fruits, fresh vegetables and olive oil.
- Cleanse your bowels regularly: Ideal for example, if you start the morning with a glass of lukewarm water with lemon, or a spoonful of olive oil with a few drops of lemon, and even an infusion of aloe vera.
- Take care of your intestinal flora consuming Probiotics .
- Infusions of ginger and mint in the afternoon will also take care of your colon.
- Drinking twice a week a liter of water where you have cooked two artichokes is also very medicinal.
- Properly manage your stress and anxiety situations.
- Practice a little exercise daily, perfect, for example, if you go walking every day for an hour.
Shall we start today?
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