Patients diagnosed with diabetes mellitus should improve their eating plan 100% as part of the treatment to keep high blood glucose levels under control.
Although it is essential to modify many other habits of life, the diet plays a very role important , both to cope with the disease and to avoid complications.
This means eating foods of high nutritional quality, in moderate portions, respecting to the maximum the usual schedules of each meal.
While there may be variations depending on weight, age and other possible conditions , in general, is to moderate the calories without decreasing the Nutritional requirements of the body.
What should and should not eat a patient with diabetes? What are the main recommendations? Taking into account that the topic generates some doubts, Below we share the most relevant aspects .
What are the goals of the diet for diabetics?
People with diabetes or prediabetes must adopt a special diet to control high glucose levels and symptoms related to this problem.
The eating plan is based on the combination of healthy foods , full of properties that benefit several aspects of health.
Among its objectives include:
- Control high blood sugar
- Maintain balanced weight
- Avoid complications at the cardiovascular level
- Reduce cholesterol and triglyceride levels
- Maintain good renal function
- Stimulate the activity of the nervous system
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What are the benefits of adopting a special diet for diabetics?
Patients who face this chronic disease They can suffer many consequences when they do not adopt the necessary measures to deal with the effects it produces throughout the body.
By improving everything related to food, a series of benefits are produced that allow to guarantee a better quality of life , although the problem does not have a definitive cure.
The strict diet promotes the control of blood sugar, optimizes the production or use of insulin and regulates blood circulation in case of associated complications.
Thanks to this, benefits are obtained such as:
- Stable blood pressure
- Prevention of visual difficulties
- Fatigue control
- Physical and mental well-being
- Healthy weight
What foods should a diabetic diet have?
A diabetic diet is based on three main meals a day, at regular times. This allows the body to make better use of the insulin what it produces or that you receive through medications.
Doctors usually recommend a visit to a nutrition specialist, as each case can be developed in different ways; however, in general, there are some basic recommendations.
- Fruits and vegetables
- Whole grains
- Legumes (beans, lentils or peas)
- Low-fat dairy products
- Whole wheat flour and bran
- Green vegetables and fruits
Healthy fatty acids
- Blue Fish
- Seeds and nuts
- Avocado or avocado
- Olive oil and canola or canola
- Lean meats (chicken or turkey)
- Low-fat, low-fat dairy
- Fish and seafood
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What are the foods that a diabetic patient should avoid?
Diabetes increases the risk of heart disease, cerebrovascular accidents and another variety of chronic diseases that put life at risk.
For this reason, in addition to eating healthy foods, It is essential to suppress or limit the intake of some foods that can be harmful .
- meats inlaid
- Pork bacon
- Package chips
- Refined vegetable oils
- Refreshments processed
- Baked bakery products
- Dairy products and proteins of animal origin (in excess)
- Egg yolks
- Fast foods
- Desserts and bakery
- Refined table salt
- Canned or packaged products
Note : HE recommend consume less than 2, 3 g of sodium per day. In case of hypertension, consume less than 1.5 g per day.
- Added sugar
- Sweets and desserts
- Bakery products
- Cash cereals
Tips to improve the diet for diabetics
Regardless of the diet recommended by the nutritionist, there are some general tips to improve its effects on the body.
- Increase the feeding frequency. That is, instead of eating three hearty dishes, eat between five and six small portions .
- Establish a fixed schedule for each meal.
- Establish an unalterable schedule to take medication.
- Do regular physical exercise .
- Control the consumption of carbohydrates.
- Suppress the consumption of alcoholic beverages.
Maintaining a healthy diet can be a challenge for people who recently received the diagnosis of diabetes . However, it is the best way to deal with the disease.