Did you know that the pill that is sold the most in the United States is to treat gastric reflux or acidity? And it is not the only country where the population suffers from this"fire"condition??? On the stomach after eating. If you are suffering from this problem, do not hesitate to read the following article, where you will learn several tips to reduce gastric reflux.
A Little Information About Gastric Reflux
Acid reflux or gastroesophageal reflux are the most common diseases of the digestive tract. Almost all of us have experienced it, to a greater or lesser extent. It occurs when the acid in the stomach (used to digest food) goes up the esophagus in the direction of the throat . The most frequent symptoms of gastric reflux are:
- Acidity (bitter sensation, like fire or pressure in the chest or throat after eating).
- Regurgitation of food (as occurs when vomiting).
- Nausea with acid taste.
- Difficulty swallowing food.
When a person suffers from gastric reflux at least once a week, then, one must speak of gastroesophageal reflux. Half the population in the United States has the first disease and almost 20% suffer the second . Although in this country the food habits are not of the healthiest, the truth is that the figures are approximate in other places like Spain.
When swallowing food, they have to travel Through the esophagus, traverse the esophageal sphincter and terminate in the stomach. The sphincter is like a barrier or lid that opens and closes every time the food passes, is up to 7 cm in length and Your job is to control what goes into the stomach , As well as to avoid that what has already passed by there returns in the opposite direction.
Because it is a muscle, it can vary its strength or ability to close completely. There are many causes of gastric reflux besides eating very fast. The condiments or ingredients that carry our dishes, go to sleep After finishing dinner, pressure in the stomach or physical activity can trigger it.
The stomach has very powerful acids that have the job of decomposing food when doing the digestion. If the"access door"is ajar, these acids can go up into the esophagus, causing that fire sensation in the pit of the stomach. Think about what happens when you vomit. There is an acid taste in the mouth and a burning sensation in the throat. This is due to the acids we have thrown together with the food.
The problem with reflux is that if the acid goes through the esophagus many times it can cause ulcers or chronic inflammation. In some patients it causes esophagitis and even pulmonary diseases. Acids that reach the mouth can cause dental erosion and bad breath .
It is good to know also that while some patients go to the doctor's office for reflux because of the symptoms listed above, others do not feel anything. This is what is called"silent reflux"and can be detected with monitoring of pH levels and endoscopic examinations.
Reflux all life
Since we were born we have gastric reflux and that is not bad. That is, if it happens from time to time do not be alarmed. About 85% of babies have reflux or regurgitation after being breastfed. Up to the first year of life is normal. Women Pregnant They usually suffer from the pressure of their belly against the stomach.
For this reason, reflux is related to obesity. Extra fat tightens the abdominal cavity and also by the type of food that people with overweight Consume. This occurs both in childhood and adolescence or in adulthood.
And as we said that reflux is present throughout life, we must also say that many people over 60 have it, because The"cap"muscle of the esophagus is weakened For several decades of working.
How to prevent gastric reflux
Eat a healthy diet
While some people may experience this problem because of foods and other patients with other ingredients, most of them express increased symptoms when they consume coffee, mint, chocolate, alcohol, tomato sauce, spicy or spicy foods, dairy products and processed foods. Therefore, it is advisable to consume more fruits and vegetables, whole grains, nuts and water.
Improve eating habits
Beyond taking into account the list of foods that do not worsen gastric reflux, it is also good to start eating less, especially at night. Copious dinners and bedtime soon after getting up from the table do not help at all in the picture.
It is recommended that at night you opt for lighter dishes, plenty of vegetables and fruits for dessert. It is also not good to drink a lot of alcohol , Eat several times a week fast food or processed or ingest food too cold or hot. Eat slowly and chew several times the food.
After an hour of eat (Either at noon or at night), try to rest the hours that are necessary to feel good and renewed. This will make all your muscles relax, including the esophagus, which will allow you to work better and more efficiently.
In the same way, It is good to reduce stress as much as possible, Because otherwise, the reflux will be something everyday, that is, the rule and not the exception. And this can cause you many health problems, serious and irrecoverable.