Acne or pimples are just one of the ways in which it is commonly known the skin condition called folliculitis . This is a problem that affects young people and adults, in all parts of the body where there are hair follicles.
Folliculitis is an infection in which the follicles hairy, the bags in which the hair grows, become inflamed. It appears frequently, caused by bacterial or fungal infections. It usually affects the scalp, extremities, paranasal and perioral regions, armpits and groin.
Folliculitis, initially, manifests as small red bumps or whiteheads around the hair follicles. If the infection is not treated, it can spread getting to become ulcers scaly that may have no cure.
Those suffering from diabetes, chronic leukemia and HIV are especially susceptible to this pathology. It is also common in patients with acne and dermatitis.
Fortunately, it is a disease in which life is not endangered, although it can cause pain and strong itching. In the worst cases, an advanced infection can cause permanent hair loss and scarring. The symptoms associated with folliculitis are the following:
- Groups of whiteheads or small red bumps formed around the hair follicles.
- Blisters full of pus These, later, may open and form crusts.
- Strong spiciness or burning in the skin.
- Skin sensitivity or pain.
- Growth of a swollen lump in the skin.
Why is folliculitis formed?
Mainly, appears due to the bacteria Staphylococcus aureus , that produces an infection of the hair follicles. Although it can also appear due to fungi, inflammations by ingrown hairs or viruses.
In the case of fungi, the infection is called fungal folliculitis and is contagious. Other causes include injury or damage to the hair follicle by friction with tight clothing, by obstruction of the hair follicle or by shaving.
It is important differentiate between folliculitis and pseudofolliculitis. The latter consists of perifollicular inflammation by a hair embedded in the skin, where the body reacts to hair. This causes inflammations and scars.
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Prevention of folliculitis
First of all, to avoid the appearance of folliculitis, The following tips can be followed preventive:
- Avoid tight clothing, in order to reduce friction between the skin and clothing.
- If you wear rubber gloves regularly, dry them well after each use.
- Avoid shaving as much as possible. Especially in the case of men who have pseudofolliculitis.
- Treat pseudofolliculitis through laser hair removal, so that the hair is removed completely, thus eliminating the problem.
- Pay special attention to the use of jacuzzis and heated swimming pools. Likewise, it is important to keep your own clean and conditioned.
- In case folliculitis gets worse, go to a professional.
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Treatment of folliculitis
Next, we explain what is the treatment that would be applied in case this was necessary. First, in cases in which folliculitis:
- It has occurred in a specific area of the body.
- The patient has not had folliculitis before.
- It has been caused by causes such as rubbing clothes or excessive sweating.
An antiseptic or a topical antibiotic would be applied, which would be enough treatment. However, it is necessary to go to a dermatologist in the event that folliculitis has appeared in extensive or recurrent areas of the body.
The treatment mentioned, usually, requires the use of antiseptic soaps how can be the povidone iodized Likewise, topical antiseptics, such as chlorhexidine, should be applied. In addition, antibiotic creams are very useful, which should extend through the area affected by folliculitis.
Oral antibiotics are applied in case folliculitis is extensive and the infection has acquired some seriousness. If folliculitis is not treated properly, the disease may become more severe and may originate boils . In the worst case, coming to need a drain for the removal of accumulated pus.
It should be mentioned that in case there is already predisposition to the appearance of follicles, it is highly recommended prevention through the use of iodized soaps. Likewise, the application after depilation of lotions with chlorhexidine is recommended.